Background: Linezolid (LZD) is beneficial to patients with MRSA pneumonia, but whether and how LZD influences global host lung immune responses at the mRNA level during MRSA-mediated pneumonia is still unknown. Methods: A lethal mouse model of MRSA pneumonia mediated by USA300 was employed to study the influence of LZD on survival, while the sublethal mouse model was used to examine the effect of LZD on bacterial clearance and lung gene expression during MRSA pneumonia. LZD (100mg/kg/day, IP) was given to C57Bl6 mice for three days. On Day 1 and Day 3 post infection, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) protein concentration and levels of cytokines including IL6, TNF alpha, IL1 beta, Interferon-gamma and IL17 were measured. In the sublethal model, left lungs were used to determine bacterial clearance and right lungs for whole-genome transcriptional profiling of lung immune responses. Results: LZD therapy significantly improved survival and bacterial clearance. It also significantly decreased BALF protein concentration and levels of cytokines including IL6, IL1 beta, Interferon-gamma and IL17. No significant gene expression changes in the mouse lungs were associated with LZD therapy. Conclusion: LZD is beneficial to MRSA pneumonia, but it does not modulate host lung immune responses at the transcriptional level.
Chen, Jiwang; Feng, Gang; Song, Yang; Wardenburg, Juliane B.; Lin, Simon; Inoshima, Ichiro; Otto, Michael; and Wunderink, Richard G., "Linezolid Exerts Greater Bacterial Clearance but No Modification of Host Lung Gene Expression Profiling: A Mouse MRSA Pneumonia Model" (2013). Faculty Publications – Biological Sciences. Paper 6.