Gender Equality in Education in Afghanistan

Publication Date


Document Type



Politics and Government


Michaelene Cox

Mentor Department

Politics and Government


Gender inequality has been around for thousands upon thousands of years. Women have been oppressed and discriminated since the early civilizations. Its situation has gotten significantly better in developed countries in the 20th century, such as women being able to vote, obtain jobs other than maids, nurses, and seamstresses, and even get involved politically, like being a senator, congresswoman, judge, and governor. However, this is not the case in many underdeveloped countries. In Afghanistan, a poor country in the Middle East, gender inequality in education is a hot topic among the public and the government. There is a significant difference in the number of men and the number of women being educated from ages five through eighteen. This is emphasized by the fact that some findings show that the percent of literate men is more than double that of literate women in this country. To what degree has legislation impacted the gender gap in education in Afghanistan over the last two decades and what could further be done? I will be using the network analysis approach as my research design. I will acknowledge the different barriers women face when trying to achieve education, but my main focus will be on legislation and measuring how the gender gap has been closing over the last two decades. I anticipate that my findings will show improvement in women's education based on legislation that has been passed over the last seventeen years as well as ways to further improve this gap in education between men and women.



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