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Kinesiology & Recreation


Kristen Lagally

Mentor Department

Kinesiology & Recreation


PURPOSE: The purpose was to describe barriers to being physically active based on reason for referral, gender identity, and incoming stage of change (SOC) for physical activity (PA) in university students referred to an Exercise is Medicine on Campus (EIMOC) program. METHODS: Students referred by university health and counseling services completed a 20-item questionnaire, which included the “Barriers to Being Active” quiz, an assessment of SOC (e.g., precontemplation), and students’ self-reported gender. Reason for referral, which was provided by a health practitioner, categorized as Obesity, Anxiety/Depression, General PA or Other. RESULTS: Barrier mean scores by group are included below. A score over 5 is considered an important barrier. Overall, a Lack of Willpower was the most highly rated barrier followed by Lack of Energy. A series of MANOVAs revealed non-significant differences in the set of barriers across the three grouping variables. However, follow-up ANOVAs showed that those classified as being at the pre-preparation stage (identified as contemplation or precontemplation) were higher on Lack of Willpower relative to those at action or maintenance, and higher than action on Lack of Skill. Results also showed the that women reported a higher Lack of Skill compared to men. CONCLUSION: Identifying client barriers is essential for promoting participation and adherence to physical activity for EIMOC. Lack of Energy and Lack of Willpower seem to be common, important barriers regardless of gender identity, reason for referral, or SOC.


Authors: Alexander DiSerio, Kristen Lagally, Anthony Amorose, Anna Rinaldi-Miles

Barriers To Physical Activity In University Students Referred To An Eimoc Program