The Court holds that an employer may not offer its employees life annuities from a private insurance company that uses sex-based mortality tables. This holding will have a far-reaching effect on the operation of the insurance and pensions plans. Employers may be forced to discontinue offering life annuities, or potentially disruptive changes may be required in long-established methods of calculating insurance and pensions.
Powell, L.F. Justice Powell, Dissenting, Arizona Governing Comm. V. Norris, 463 U.S. 1073 (1983). Box 367, Harry A. Blackmun Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.