Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences
On average 30 million adults are diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States (National Kidney Foundation, 2017). Patients in late stage kidney disease and on dialysis are placed on a restrictive diet to aid in the treatment of their disease. There are adverse symptoms associated with dialysis including nausea, constipation, diarrhea and fatigue. Fiber has been shown to decrease gastrointestinal symptoms such as reducing constipation and inflammation in the body in healthy populations. This study examined 19 hemodialysis dialysis patients and their fiber intake in relation to a variety of symptoms such as constipation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, appetite and dry mouth. Results determined that there is a positive correlation between soluble fiber and diarrhea severity (p=0.047). There were other variables that were approaching significance such as dietary fiber and diarrhea frequency and severity and soluble fiber and diarrhea frequency. In conclusion there was a connection between fiber and diarrhea severity, however, more research is required to conclude that nutrition interventions with fiber would be beneficial for this demographic.
Langner, Jennifer, "Fiber Intake in Hemodialysis Patients and Its Effects on Symptoms" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 1057.