Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Department of Psychology
Pseudo-rationalism is defined as a distorted ideology that believes reason or rationality is superior to other components of minds (especially, emotion), which may lead to the overestimation of one’s own rational ability and underestimation of others’ rationality. Such a trait would be similar to rigidity or closed-mindedness measurable with other existing scales, but also is expected to have some distinctive characteristics compared to them because it is based on a certain myth in terms of reason. Also, if the psychological trait of pseudo-rationalism exists, it is anticipated as a byproduct of a certain egocentric world-view represented by naïve realism. This study aimed to develop and validate an empirically measurable scale of pseudo-rationalism. After the initial items were created based on the structured definition of the concept of pseudo-rationalism, exploratory factor analysis was conducted to evaluate its construct validity. In addition to the reliability estimate, the convergent and discriminant validity of this new construct was tested by comparing it with other similar scales (e.g., dogmatism, perspective taking, and intellectual humility).
Jung, Han Wool, "People Who Mistake Dogma for Reason: Development and Validation of the Pseudo-rationalism Scale" (2021). Theses and Dissertations. 1380.