Graduation Term


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Department of Politics and Government: Political Science

Committee Chair

Noha Shawki


This thesis critically examines the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to determine the extent to which it reflects the specific dimensions of a human rights-based approach (HRBA). An HRBA emphasizes the centrality of human rights principles in the design, implementation, and evaluation of development and governance initiatives. Through a comprehensive analysis of the UNMIK’s policies, practices, and outcomes, this research aims to assess whether the mission effectively incorporates the key elements of an HRBA. This study employs an illustrative case study. By doing so, this research aims to provide an in-depth analysis of UNMIK’s policies, practices, and outcomes, therefore shedding light on its adherence to the essential aspects of an HRBA. The illustrative case study focuses on specific components of the UNMIK’s operations related to human rights, allowing for a comprehensive understanding of the mission’s practices within a specific context. The findings suggest that while the UNMIK has made significant efforts to integrate human rights considerations into its policies and practices, there are notable gaps and challenges. The mission demonstrates certain strengths in each of the six principles of an HRBA. Ultimately, however, there are significant areas where the mission falls short in fully reflecting each dimension of an HRBA. This study underscores the importance of strengthening the capacity of the UNMIK and other peacebuilding missions to fully incorporate the dimensions of an HRBA, particularly in post-conflict and transitional settings. Additionally, the implications of this research extend beyond the specific case of the UNMIK, providing insights for the broader development of an HRBA within international peacebuilding operations.


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