Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
School of Kinesiology and Recreation
Dale D. Brown
New technology continuously develops to assist with enhancing athletic performance. Assessing the physiological responses athletes experience from training is crucial when developing programs to simultaneously optimize performance and improve fitness levels. By combining coaching expertise with scientific technology, coaches can monitor and obtain their athletes' individual objective physiological responses (i.e. heart rates) on the effectiveness of the applied external stimuli or training program(s). PURPOSE: To examine the physical training doses through heart rate monitoring of strength and condition (S&C) sessions compared to a typical game setting in female soccer and basketball collegiate athletes. METHODS: Participants were nine female soccer players [age: 20.5 Â± 0.34 yr., height: 172.2 Â± 1.25 cm, mass: 66.8 Â± 1.72 kg, BMI: 22.6 + 0.34] and nine female basketball players (mean + SD) [age: 20.3 Â± 0.33 yr., height: 178.4 Â± 2.27 cm, mass: 73.3 Â± 3.43 kg, BMI: 22.9 + 0.78] from a NCAA Division I university. Participants wore a heart rate chest strap monitor during the summer S&C training sessions and preseason games. Each subject's height, weight, age-predicted max heart rate, and player position were recorded into Polar Team2 Pro system. After each training session and game, each subjects' data from the transmitter was uploaded for analysis. Data was subsequently analyzed to determine the training load (TL), average calories expended per minute (kcal/min), average heart rate, maximum heart rate, and percent of time spent in each training zone (Z1-Z5) for the selected S&C sessions (T1 and T2) and one pre-season game (T3). RESULTS: One-way ANOVA with repeated measures detected significant differences in the women's soccer TL with post hoc comparisons revealing the TL in T3 (239.1 Â± 112.4) was higher than T1 (147.1 Â± 63.4) and T2 (149.6 Â± 36.4) and percent time in Z3 was lower in T3 (13.7 Â± 2.7) compared to T1 (22.5 Â± 6.5) and T2 (21.7 Â± 8.1). One-way ANOVA with repeated measures detected significant differences in the women's basketball kcal/min, average heart rate and percent of time spent in Z1-Z5. Post hoc comparisons revealed T3 had the lowest values in both kcal/min (9.7 Â± 3.0) and average heart rate (133.8 Â± 16.8). T1 had the greatest amount of time spent in Z4 (25.9 Â± 10.0) and Z5 (32.8 Â± 21.1) and the least amount of time spent in Z1 (13.0 Â± 22.1) and Z2 (12.9 Â± 9.0). T2 had the highest percent time spent in Z2 (12.9 Â± 9.0) and Z3 (20.1 Â± 6.3). T3 had the greatest percent time spent in Z1 (13.0 Â± 22.1) and the least amount of time spent in Z3 (11.3 Â± 6.3) and Z4 (15.2 Â± 7.1). CONCLUSION: Summer strength and conditioning sessions for soccer produced physiological responses that were relatively similar to the responses experienced in preseason games. However, summer strength and conditioning sessions for basketball had similar training loads to preseason games but it did not replicate the physiological responses in preseason games. Heart rate monitoring systems may be useful in helping strength and conditioning coaches and the sport coaches to quantify physiological responses to game and practice sessions in their athletes.
Canino, Maria, "Analysis of Heart Rate Training Responses in Division I Collegiate Athletes" (2015). Theses and Dissertations. 332.