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Date of Award

3-31-2018

Document Type

Thesis and Dissertation-ISU Access Only

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Department of Psychology

First Advisor

Dawn M. McBride

Abstract

The pre-crastination effect is the finding that individuals complete actions earlier to “get it out of the way” (Rosenbaum, Gong, & Potts, 2014). In the current study, I tested pre-crastination with a prospective memory paradigm to determine if this phenomenon generalizes to prospective memory tasks that can be completed at a time chosen by the participant. Based on Rosenbaum et al.’s (2014) results that pre-crastination decreased when the task to be completed was more effortful, I investigated whether difficulty of the prospective memory task affected when participants chose to complete the task. This hypothesis was partially supported, with more pre-crastination when participants completed the easy prospective memory task compared to the difficult prospective memory task, but with an order effect interaction driving this difference. I expected participants’ reaction times to be shorter when completing the easy prospective memory task, and this hypothesis was also partially supported, with an interaction or order effect driving this significant difference. I also measured individual differences in impulsivity by having participants complete the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11 (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995) to determine if impulsivity affected pre-crastination tendencies. No significant correlations were found with the impulsivity scores, so this hypothesis was not supported.

Comments

Imported from ProQuest VonderHaar_ilstu_0092N_11170.pdf

Page Count

41

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