Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Initiation Factor 2 Associated 67-kDa Polypeptide

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A eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) associated 67-kDa polypeptide (p67) protects the eIF-2 alpha-subunit from eIF-2 kinase(s) catalyzed phosphorylation, and this promotes protein synthesis in the presence of active eIF-2 kinase(s), [Datta, B., et al. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 3324-3328]. This report presents the results of studies related to characteristics of p67 action and the mechanism of p67:eIF-2 interaction: (1) p67 antibodies inhibited protein synthesis in hemin-supplemented rabbit reticulocyte lysates, and such inhibition was reversed by preincubation of the antibodies, specifically with p67. (2) p67 inhibited HRI- and dsI-catalyzed phosphorylations of the eIF-2 alpha-subunit and histones, but it did not inhibit casein kinase catalyzed phosphorylation of the eIF-2 beta-subunit. (3) p67 bound specifically to the eIF-2 gamma-subunit. p67 co-immunoprecipitated with the eIF-2 subunits when a p67/eIF-2 mixture was treated with p67 or eIF-2 subunit antibodies and protein A agarose. However, when eIF-2 was preincubated specifically with the eIF-2 gamma-subunit antibodies, subsequent co-immunoprecipitation of p67 with the eIF-2 subunits was completely inhibited. Similarly, preincubation of p67 and p67 antibodies prevented subsequent p67 binding to eIF-2. Preincubation of eIF-2, with either eIF-2 alpha- or beta-subunit antibodies, had no effect on p67 co-immunoprecipitation with the eIF-2 subunits. (4) p67:eIF-2 interaction is necessary for p67 activity to protect the eIF-2 alpha-subunit from eIF-2 kinase(s) catalyzed phosphorylation.