Words Matter: Sex and Gender as Unique Variables in Research
Sex and gender are not equivalent concepts, even though these 2 variables are often used interchangeably by researchers. The precise use of variables is critical to ensure that research and theoretical work is of the highest quality. This article defines sex and gender and the importance of recognizing both of these variables as being unique and then demonstrates the benefit of measuring both of these variables using the cardiovascular disease literature as an exemplar. Additionally, recommendations for scholars regarding the use of sex and gender in the research and theoretical literature are provided.
Blakeman, John R., "Words Matter: Sex and Gender as Unique Variables in Research" (2020). Faculty Publications - Mennonite College of Nursing. 17.