Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Intervention in School and Clinic


oral reading fluency, artificial intelligence, academic intervention


Oral reading fluency probes are essential for reading assessment, intervention, and progress monitoring. Due to the limited options for choosing oral reading fluency probes, it is important to utilize all available resources such as generative AI like ChatGPT to create oral reading fluency probes. The purpose of this article is to describe how to use AI through ChatGPT to create customizable reading passages comparable with that of oral reading fluency probes. Using readability estimates, the ChatGPT-generated passages can be tailored to suit for specific grade levels, similar to how current publishers design oral reading fluency probes for the market. The implication of ChatGPT-generated passages is that researchers and practitioners alike could use ChatGPT to be able to create a seemingly unlimited amount of reading passages tailored to the skill level and interests of the learner for intervention material and potentially assessment material, while reducing cost and time investment.


This is an accepted manuscript of an article first published in Intervention in School and Clinic.



Available for download on Wednesday, January 01, 2025