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Kinesiology & Recreation


David Thomas

Mentor Department

Kinesiology & Recreation


Physical Education (PE) has been an important part of K-12 curriculum around the world for many decades. It plays an important role in teaching students how to move and how to live a healthy, active lifestyle. Purpose: To compare physical education programs in Russia and the United States. Methods: Observational research was conducted in the USA and in Russia. Interviews with physical educators also took place. Investigation of published requirements was completed. Results: School systems in both countries are similarly divided into three levels. Physical education classes are required three days per week, from 1st to 11th grade in all of Russia (World Data of Education). In the US, PE is regulated by each state, not nationally (Shape America). Russia also has schools specifically for sport, called Gymnasia. These types of schools place sports before general education classes. Schools like this do not exist in the United States. Another form of a school in Russia is a Lyceum, which is a private institution that focuses on a specific topic (Education USA). Schools like this also do not exist in the United states. With so many different forms of schools in Russia, it can be hard to set a PE curriculum. The set curriculum that does exist is very similar to the United States. They include invasion games, dance and gymnastics, swimming and diving, and other activities found in American PE classes. A major difference however, are the differences in school facilities. On average, PE facilities in the US are newer, better equipped, and safer. Conclusion: Russia and the United States have similar programs of study for their PE classes. Both countries have methods they can learn from each other to better their students' physical fitness and health.

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