ASSESSING ALTERNATIVE-FUEL VEHICLES FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OPERATION FLEET VEHICLES TO MITIGATE RISING EMISSIONS IN BLOOMINGTON-NORMAL, ILLINOIS
National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) have been set for six principal pollutants known as criteria pollutants by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These are carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and ground-level ozone. Both the financial cost and the mandated requirements of nonattainment of these standards is significant. For example, federal funding for highway projects can be suspended, along with mandated vehicle emissions monitoring for all vehicles in the community. The Town of Normal and City of Bloomington, located in McLean County, Illinois are currently classified as an attainment area for all six categories of criteria air pollutants. However, between 2006 and 2015, the updated NAAQS standards were exceeded for Ground-Level Ozone (O3). If Bloomington-Normal exceeds these standards again, it is possible for Bloomington-Normal to be classified as a nonattainment area. My research is focused on finding the most efficient and effective options to mitigate air pollutants. Though the greenhouse gas emissions from Bloomington-Normal Local Government Operations (LGO) buildings and facilities are much greater than the greenhouse gas emission totals of fleet vehicles, the reduction of ground-level ozone will be more significantly altered with alternative LGO fleet vehicles. Based upon the collected information, alternative options for LGO fleet vehicles were analyzed. My findings can be utilized as a case study for future emission reduction efforts in LGOs.
Keene, Sara, "ASSESSING ALTERNATIVE-FUEL VEHICLES FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OPERATION FLEET VEHICLES TO MITIGATE RISING EMISSIONS IN BLOOMINGTON-NORMAL, ILLINOIS" (2019). University Research Symposium. 273.