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Criminal Justice Sciences


Jacqueline Schneider

Mentor Department

Criminal Justice Sciences


African and Asian elephants face many threats to their population numbers, including habitat loss, climate change, and interactions with humans. However, poaching and the illegal wildlife trade are the largest threats to these species. The first step in the illegal trade is taking or poaching of the elephant – typically the bulls with the largest tusks. Tusk ivory, whether African or Asian, is then exported to transit hubs in Asian countries. Final exported products, either carved or raw, enter the illegal markets located in many Asian countries and cities. Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE) and Proportion of Illegally Killed Elephants (PIKE) calculated that more elephant carcasses were found in 2011 than any other year, which resulted in more shipments of ivory leaving Africa and the price of ivory tripling in China. MIKE and PIKE data are analyzed in order to evaluate the crime of elephant poaching and its role in the illegal trade in endangered species.


Authors: Jacqueline Privett, Jacqueline Schneider

This project has not received IRB approval.

Evaluating MIKE & PIKE: The Relationship Trend Between Elephant Carcasses & The Illegal Trade in Endangered Elephants

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