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The present study examined the association among intrinsic and extrinsic life goals and different aspects of hope. Results indicated that the type of motivation that adolescents are oriented toward influences the type of hope they experience. Bolstering intrinsic motivation may be an important consideration for practitioners who work with youth.
Halverson, Hailie and Green, Kailey, "Do Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Encourage Different Facets of Hope?" (2020). Psychology. 20.