Is Campus Involvement Beneficial for College Students? GPA, Perceived Academic Adjustment, Social Support, and Psychological Well-being
Students who are involved on campus have better mental health and academic performance (Bergen-Cico & Bylander, 2011; Bergen-Cico & Viscomi, 2013). However, why and how campus involvement promotes mental health and academic achievement has not been examined sufficiently. I hypothesized that campus involvement would be associated with overall better mental health via perceived social support, and higher GPA with perceived college adjustment. A sample of 353 college students participated in an online survey. The survey included demographic questions, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, & Farley, 1988), College Adjustment Scale (Rice & Dellwo, 2002) with GPA, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (Lovibond, & Lovibond, 1995). A path analysis with AMOS 22.0 revealed an adequate fit to the data, χ2(4)=7.91, p=.10, CFI = .97, RMSEA = .05, 90% CI = .00, .11. Campus involvement was associated with perceived academic adjustment (β = .33, p = .002), which was associated with GPA (β = .50, p < .001), as predicted. However, campus involvement was not associated with perceived social support (β = .07, p = .18), although perceived social support was associated with distress (β = -.27, p
Marsh, Elizabeth, "Is Campus Involvement Beneficial for College Students? GPA, Perceived Academic Adjustment, Social Support, and Psychological Well-being" (2020). Psychology. 29.