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Journal of Communication and Religion


apologia, Catholic higher education, Ex Corde Ecclesiae, image restoration


Image restoration theory is used to discover that Holy Cross Father James Tunstead Burthchaell's defense of the Papal Apostolic Constitution Ex Corde Ecclesiae was ineffective. Although he used attacks on accusers appropriately, his strategies of denial and transcendence were in conflict. He also failed to adequately address the accusation that the nature of American college charters make the American bishops' application of the document impossible. Finally, though perhaps through no fault of his own, he was "preaching to the choir. " The study sheds further light on the role of transcendence in religious image repair.


Published in Journal of Communication & Religion, Vol. 24, Issue 1, p. 94-109.

Copyright of Journal of Communication & Religion, property of Religious Communication Association. Posted with permission.