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Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology

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Modified Gravity Theory, Spin, Coulomb’s Law, Newton’s Law, Modified Coulomb’s Law, Nuclear Force, Adapted Connection, Adapted Metric


Modified Theories of Gravity include spin dependence in General Relativity, to account for additional sources of gravity instead of dark matter/energy approach. The spin-spin interaction is already included in the effective nuclear force potential, and theoretical considerations and experimental evidence hint to the hypothesis that Gravity originates from such an interaction, under an averaging process over spin directions. This invites to continue the line of theory initiated by Einstein and Cartan, based on tetrads and spin effects modeled by connections with torsion. As a first step in this direction, the article considers a new modified Coulomb/Newton Law accounting for the spin-spin interaction. The physical potential is geometrized through specific affine connections and specific semi-Riemannian metrics, canonically associated to it, acting on a manifold or at the level of its tangent bundle. Freely falling particles in these “toy Universes” are determined, showing an interesting behavior and unexpected patterns.


First published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 9, 1311-1355.

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